The floor construction is considered as one of the important elements of a building. It should be strong enough to withstand the load of different elements and its weight should also be appropriate. There are a lot of factors that influence the weight of a floor. These include the area of a building, the weight of all the elements, the type of floor, and the design and layout of floors. This article will give you information about floor construction that will help you build your floor properly.
Floor Construction is the first major activity in the construction process serving as a primary link between superstructure and sub-structural foundation. Aside from the foundation, the floors of a building serves as the first support for superstructural column and beams. The load of all the pillars and beams and imposed load are transmitted to the floors first before reaching the footing concrete. A building’s floor system consists of the basement, the ground floor and the first floor. These floors can be subdivided into several components.
Basement: The basement is a basement which lies under the ground floor bao gia thi cong san phang. It has an airtight and fire proof door. The basement also contains the pipes and wiring to connect to the house electrical system. In most buildings the basement is the area where the structural elements of a building are located.
Ground Floor: The ground floor is the first floor that is usually concrete. This floor is accessible to the public from the ground level and the area below is considered to be the residential area. In this floor you will find the electrical outlets, plumbing, drywall, painting and other surfaces. In most of this floor is the area that is exposed to weather elements. It also includes the storage space for the items needed in building such as tools and furniture. The surface of this floor also provides easy access to the ventilation system.
First Floor: This floor is the area of the superstructure that is exposed from outside. The exposed portion includes the walls, beams, floor joists, beams and floor panels. The space below includes the plumbing and electrical systems. The area above is considered to be the office or laboratory area of the organization. In some cases the first floor is also used for maintenance purposes.
The floors are very vital in the construction process because it serves as a support for other elements and provides a stable base for the structure. When building the floors it should be made from solid and durable materials and should not be subject to water pressure. It should also be water resistant.